Thu
May 27 2010
09:42 am

As more oil reaches shore and closes more fishing grounds, Gulf residents are becoming understandably more outraged that nothing seems to be happening. The response effort is focused on three basic areas: stopping the leak, containment and cleanup, and accountability and regulatory reform.

Most of the efforts appear focused on stopping the leak. Federal officials are entirely dependent on the expertise of BP and their contractors, who so far have not been successful. The incident commander says they have more capability to address the containment and cleanup effort, but local and state officials say resources are not being brought to bear. As for accountability, BP is already admitting mistakes that may amount to criminal negligence, and myriad regulatory failures are coming to light. President Obama is set to announce another temporary moratorium on drilling permits and stricter regulation going forward.

I said the other day that Adm. Thad Allen appeared to be the right person for the job of national incident commander. Local and state officials are now saying he is not being responsive and that in fact it appears no one is in charge, except maybe BP. They are calling for President Obama to put the entire operation under federal control and to get personally and directly involved. The administration and other federal officials say their role is to oversee the response and that they are doing everything they can according to law, and that they do not have the expertise or equipment to stop the leak.

In fact, it appears there is a failure of leadership at least in terms of a "big picture" strategic response plan. While the current command structure is focused on stopping the leak, the already leaked 200,000 barrels of oil are starting to come ashore and there doesn't appear to be any coordinated effort to stop it. Suggestions that have been made and ignored include building a temporary "artificial barrier island" berm around critical areas and commandeering oil tankers to skim off surface oil.

As the head of the Louisiana Fish and Wildlife department said yesterday, what they're seeing right now took a month to reach shore and there's a whole lot more out there. It also appears that efforts to stop the leak may not be successful for quite some time or at all. This would suggest that the federal response should immediately shift to an all-out effort to contain the oil, keep it offshore, and recover it, and to plan on doing this for many more months or possibly years on the worst-case scenario assumption that BP may not be able to stop the leak.

President Obama seems to be taking a low key approach as if everything is under control. He may be getting bad advice and information, but he is definitely turning a tin political ear to the situation. This is his Katrina, in slow motion. It was predictable, like Katrina, and, like Katrina, some aspects may have been preventable. But there has been plenty of time to act on the containment and cleanup response so there's no excuse for not being out in front of it. Unfortunately for President Obama, he let events get ahead of him and he will now be remembered for presiding over the latest "worst environmental disaster in U.S. history."

Stopping the leak:

BP's latest effort to plug the leak is underway. The "top kill" procedure to pump "mud" (a heavy synthetic material) into ports on the blow out preventer is intended to create downward pressure on the gusher so it can eventually be sealed with a concrete plug. It may be another 12 hours before they know if it's working. Experts watching the live video feeds are noticing disturbing leaks of the mud material suggesting that the blow out preventer is structurally compromised, which raises concerns that this procedure may not work and could further damage the BOP making the leak worse.

If this doesn't work, the next plan is to sever the riser and attempt to place another dome on top of it to capture the flow. If that doesn't work, another plan is to sever the riser and place a second blow out preventer on top of the existing one and attaching a valve to cut off the flow. Any option to sever the riser raises concerns that the amount of oil flow could increase significantly until the repair is completed.

The long term plan is to drill one or more "relief wells" to intercept the failed well bore and pump in mud and concrete to seal it. This is widely perceived as the "ultimate solution" if all else fails, but it will take months and isn't necessarily a sure thing. The procedure involves drilling a new well 5000 feet below the surface through 13,000 more feet of rock and hitting a seven inch wide pipe dead on. It has never been done at these depths. The procedure was used to kill an offshore well in Australia last year. It took five tries. The Australian well was in 250 feet of water.

There remains a possibility that the well cannot be capped at all. In that case it will continue to bleed out, so to speak, until the tremendous underground oil reservoir pressure relieves itself naturally. This could take months or even years.

Containment and cleanup:

Several things have already been tried, including controlled surface burns and dispersants. There does not appear to be any coordinated effort to contain and recover the oil before it reaches shore. The depth of the leak contributes to the problem. One report suggests there's a ten mile plume of oil undersea before it ever reaches the surface where it can more easily be contained and recovered.

State and local officials in Louisiana suggested deploying dredgers to build a berm, or artificial barrier island, to protect sensitive areas. Federal officials say they need to study what other environmental damage that might cause and they don't want to divert resources and manpower to an effort they think will take too long. State and local officials are demanding that the Corps of Engineers issue a permit or they will proceed on their own without one.

A former president of Shell and others have suggested that the federal government commandeer oil tankers and deploy them on the scene to skim off oil. There doesn't appear to be much discussion about whether this is being considered and why or why not.

A reading from official press releases does not appear to propose any comprehensive plan other than releasing statistics about how many feet of boom and how many gallons of dispersant have been deployed. The fact that BP is paying for it may be part of the problem, because a) they are preoccupied with stopping the leak, and b) they're paying for it. Maybe it's time to bring in all available resources and send BP the bill.

Accountability and regulation

BP has released a statement to Congress admitting to "fundamental errors" leading up to the disaster. There are rumors of a confrontation between BP officials and inspectors on board just before the blowout. It is suggested BP was in a hurry to get the drilling rig off the site so they could position the production rig to start pumping oil, and every day the Deepwater Horizon was out there it was costing them millions. Whistleblowers are coming forward with reports of shortcuts and company pressure to complete the well. There is already talk of criminal negligence, and the U.S. Department of Justice has ordered BP and its contractors to preserve all documents related to the incident.

Further, the Department of Interior gave BP "categorical exclusion" from preparing an environmental impact statement for the Deepwater Horizon project in 2009 because the company assured federal agencies there was little or no risk. An Interior Department Inspector General report contained shocking revelations of corruption and misdeeds at the Minerals Management Service, the agency charged with overseeing offshore drilling. Ironically, MMS officials were on the rig to present BP and their contractors a safety award just before the blowout. The Bush administration and Dick Cheney helped set the stage for disaster by eliminating a requirement for blow out preventer failsafe devices.

As usual, there are numerous bad actors to blame, with corporate greed and government corruption at the core. There will be blue ribbon commission reports and Congressional hearings. It will be in the courts for years or decades to come. It remains to be seen if any real regulatory reforms will come of it. As long as we are dependent on oil, the safe bet is that the cozy relationship between big oil and regulators will continue, and disasters such as these will be written off as a cost of doing business.

It has become tragically obvious, however, that the oil companies, who are supposed to have all the expertise and answers, do not have a clue on how to contain a deepwater drilling disaster such as this. They have some impressive technolgy and equipment to drill the well, but the operating environment is so foreign and hostile it might as well be on the Moon when trouble occurs. So the safest thing is to just not allow it.

MORE READING:

What caused the Deepwater Horizon disaster? (Ed. note: This is a fascinating failure analysis by independent oil industry engineers and geologists based on reconstructed log data from the Deepwater Horizon. Some of the comments are even more interesting, although highly technical. More ongoing coverage at the site.)

Deepwater Horizon: A Firsthand Account

BP Briefs US Government on Deepwater Horizon Investigation - Focus is on Seven Control Mechanisms

Halliburton indemnified from costs

WSJ: BP Decisions Set Stage for Disaster

U.S. exempted BP's Gulf of Mexico drilling from environmental impact study

RFK Jr.: Sex, Lies and Oil Spills

Minerals Management Service: Private jets, gifts, e-mail porn

Justice Dept Asks BP and Transocean to Preserve All Documents Related to Spill

Plaquemines Parish President Nungesser claims berm oil capture plan killed

Former Shell Oil Chief, Engineer: Supertankers Could Save the Gulf, So Why Won't BP Listen?

Relief Well Was Used to Halt Australian Spill

Obama clamps down on offshore drilling

Whistleblower Sues to Stop Another BP Rig From Operating

BP's own probe finds safety issues on Atlantis rig

Ongoing coverage from industry publication upstreamonline.com

Deepwater Horizon Response unified command website

PREVIOUSLY: Adm. Allen is the right person for the job

432
like
baconfat's picture

RE:Oil spill update: Obama's slow motion Katrina

Fact is, people are upset because there is little anyone can do to clean up this mess. LA marshes are not sandy beaches where oil can be shoveled into plastic bags. Sand berms will take 9 months, so I don't know what James Carvill (sp) is ranting about. Gov't take over? The gov't can't do much to stop this mess. The US Navy has equipment to go to war, NOT clean up oil.
So, this is not Obama's Katrina. This is America's Katrina.
The other truly dirty, oily part of this issue are those trying to make political hay out of a true disaster.
Why not use your talents to help out, not tear down?

R. Neal's picture

Baconfat, I understand all

Baconfat, I understand all that and generally agree and said as much in my previous post on this topic.

That said, there seems to be a top down lack of any sense of urgency on the cleanup/containment front. That is an area where the federal government should be able to respond.

As for the politics, politics played a major role in causing this problem and because of the scope and multi-jurisdictional aspects it will have to play a role in the recovery effort.

Obama needs to feel some heat to get that process going. Unfortunately, he's already lost the battle of perception, which the mainstream media will use to further undermine confidence in the federal response. And unfortunately, perception is reality in politics.

Andy Axel's picture

The gov't can't do much to

The gov't can't do much to stop this mess. The US Navy has equipment to go to war, NOT clean up oil.

I'll bet that the Navy could do a better job at booming than BP has done.

(link...)

(Audio & some vid are NSFW.)

Melvin's picture

Obama's Katrina?

Holy crap. It's really sad that you have decided to use the right wing's framing for this whole disaster. You should turn off Fixed Noise every now and then. The gusher a mile down is BP's mistake and they are solely to blame They already admitted that they ignored warning signs hours before the explosion. They are guilty of gross negligence. I don't know what Obama had to do with that decision, but I'm sure someone will rush to demonize him. The fact of the matter is that local and federal agencies have been trying to solve the problem and clean up the effects since day one. BP and other oil companies and drilling experts have been trying to stop the gusher for weeks now. All you have to do is use google to see what has been done. You can also check updates on the white house's website (and no, it's not propaganda, you can google the updates to confirm them) and also check out The Oil Drum website for updates on the Top Kill procedure that is going on right now.

It's really sad when "progressives" parrot right-wing talking points. If I wanted mindless blather, I would just click on red state or free republic.

R. Neal's picture

Melvin, see my previous

Melvin, see my previous response to "baconfat."

I don't watch Fox News and I don't subscribe to any right-wing talking points. I've been reading up on this for several days now, and I stand by my fact-based observations and opinions. I have read all the press releases, and quoted extensively from one of the more informative press conferences earlier in the week. I posted lots of links for you to look at*. Apparently If more is being done than we are being told, we need to be told.

I wish it wasn't Obama or any other Democrat in the White House right now, but it is what it is and it isn't partisan.

(*Including a link to the Oil Drum site you mention, which suggests to me that you didn't actually read what I wrote and are simply offering a knee-jerk partisan reaction to the headline.)

Andy Axel's picture

It's really sad when

It's really sad when "progressives" parrot right-wing talking points. If I wanted mindless blather, I would just click on red state or free republic.

So you're a wingnut if you demand the sort of accountability and transparency out of Obama? The sort of accountability and transparency that Obama promised?

Right.

Sounds to me like you're arguing for uncritical acceptance of anything that Obama does, no matter if he's screwing up or not. And his utter deference to BP in this matter is, no matter how you slice it, a screwup of gargantuan proportions. It's not just an image management issue for Obama, or a PR problem for his administration -- but that's how he's treating it.

michael kaplan's picture

Fidel said recently that

Fidel said recently that changing the president doesn't change the system. All we can do locally, I suppose, is shut off our engines while parked, and try to conserve a bit of oil.

bizgrrl's picture

shut off our engines while

shut off our engines while parked, and try to conserve a bit of oil.

This is something everyone in the US should be doing all the time. Then, maybe, we can reduce our demand for oil and reduce the need for risky attempts at obtaining more oil.

metulj's picture

Yeah, that totalitarian fuck

Yeah, that totalitarian fuck nut hopes so.

Anonymously Nine's picture

.

"Yeah, that totalitarian fuck nut hopes so."

Really? You are calling anyone a "totalitarian fuck nut"?

All he said was we should conserve. Good grief, according to you I am pure evil, and I conserve. You are without a doubt the weirdest person here. Let me guess, found some wormwood?

metulj's picture

He's quoting Fidel Castro.

He's quoting Fidel Castro. Let me guess, you love you some Fidel Castro?

Anyhow, greetings from places you are scared to go!

bizgrrl's picture

A very sad situation

A very sad situation indeed.

State and local officials in Louisiana suggested deploying dredgers to build a berm, or artificial barrier island, to protect sensitive areas. Federal officials say they need to study what other environmental damage that might cause and they don't want to divert resources and manpower to an effort they think will take too long. State and local officials are demanding that the Corps of Engineers issue a permit or they will proceed on their own without one.

A former president of Shell and others have suggested that the federal government commandeer oil tankers and deploy them on the scene to skim off oil. There doesn't appear to be much discussion about whether this is being considered and why or why not.

Interesting ideas to attempt containment.

I admit I no nothing about this topic, and little to nothing about the topic of saving the Louisiana, etc. sensitive areas.

The berm idea does make me wonder how much worse could a temporary berm be as compared to the oil being washed ashore. In addition, they don't know how long it will be to fix the problem so how do they know it could take too long to build the berm?

I had wondered about the ability to skim off the oil. A big job? Yes, but this is a big problem.

talidapali's picture

I have to wonder...

if a temporary berm would be that beneficial. Hurricane season is almost upon us and if, God forbid, another Katrina comes along this year, I have to think that a temporary berm might just fall apart in the storm surge thusly depositing all the oil that it does collect and contain onto the sensitive areas it is supposed to protect. At best, a temporary solution seems to me to be just slow-motion disaster.

As far as getting BP on the ball...the only thing the government could do would be to nationalize that particular company and all it's assets and devote all of them to the clean-up and we KNOW how the "smaller government" folks would howl about that scenario. They could do a take over of BP's assets in the US and run them under martial law, making it a punishable offense for company employees to refuse to carry out assigned duties. They could also further jail company executives for balking at the redistribution of resources to the clean-up.

But, back in reality land...I think the government's hands are as effectively tied as the average Joe citizen when it comes to making BP do anything beyond what they want to do. It would take years in court to bring any type of punishment to bear, and BP knows it. By that time, the damage will have been done and probably be irreversible.

Truth be told, Obama just needs to dump this problem in BP's lap and pound that message home every day, all day long. It is their well, their screw-up, their responsibility. If the public wants to get mad at anybody, they should be getting mad at the responsible party, British Petroleum.

bizgrrl's picture

Ok, then. The Feds were

Ok, then.

The Feds were worried about how a berm would hurt the environment. However, regarding the chemical dispersants, it is being reported they are using "unprecedented" levels and it is possible the "toxicity from the oil and dispersants could pose a big danger to fish larvae and creatures that filter the waters for food".

A Louisiana State University researcher who has studied their effects on marine life said that by breaking oil into small particles, surfactants make it easier for fish and other animals to soak up the oil's toxic chemicals. That can impair the animals' immune systems and cause reproductive problems.

A thick, 22-mile plume of oil discovered by researchers off the BP spill site was nearing an underwater canyon, where it could poison the foodchain for sealife in the waters off Florida.

sugarfatpie's picture

I've got to agree that this

I've got to agree that this is a right wing framing.
This is NOT Obama's anything.

Of course you know that and said so in your post. But your unfair headline sets the stage.
So why call it "Obama's slow motion Katrina", especially if "perception is reality in politics"?

In other news
BP Shares +6% As Coast Guard Says Gulf Leak Stopped

R. Neal's picture

This is NOT Obama's

This is NOT Obama's anything

Apparently not. He's was out in California at a Senate fundraiser yesterday and today he's hosting the NCAA men's basketball champs and holding a ceremony for them in the Rose Garden. I honestly don't see how that sends any kind of signal that there's any sense of urgency about the situation, which is only going to get worse before it gets any better.

I hope you're right about the top kill working, but other reports say those reports are premature and BP says it might be a couple more days before they know for sure.

Regardless, if it is stopped today the damage is done. All that oil is already out there, and its starting to come ashore.

Anonymously Nine's picture

.

"Apparently not. He's was out in California at a Senate fundraiser yesterday and today he's hosting the NCAA men's basketball champs and holding a ceremony for them in the Rose Garden. I honestly don't see how that sends any kind of signal that there's any sense of urgency about the situation, which is only going to get worse before it gets any better."

I saw it as an objective look at how Obama responded. You don't have to be a PR genius to see that Obama pulled a Bush. So the title is apt. When someone is objective and it offends you, how objective are you?

No one can say Obama sent a "signal that there's any sense of urgency about the situation". Obama clearly should have made this the number one priority. He didn't.

You want to bitch about Fox Noise because they don't call it the way it was?

R. Neal just called it the way it is. Nothing more. So why the heartburn. You say that is what you want.

BTW, there was a much bigger spill in the Gulf in 1979.

gonzone's picture

Who is really to blame?

All we need do is look in the mirror.

We buy (invest in) the oil products and consume them.
It's all our faults.
Obama is NOT Superman and does not deserve so much of the blame in my opinion. He's just one man after all and if we don't push him and the rest of congress and the CEOs then we get what we deserve when only our spending habits talk.

Opinari's picture

Clean Up Now; Assign Blame Later

As a generally conservative individual, I can tell you that I, and most of my friends, are not blaming Obama for this mess (nor did we blame President Bush for the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina). I have acquaintances in the oil industry down here, and their complaints are more leveled toward the federal bureaucracy than an individual or elected official. Future hearings will no doubt point fingers, place blame, etc. For now, it would be best if the oil leak would be stopped (as it seems to have been as of today), the mess cleaned up, and the yelling and bickering can be done later.

Andy Axel's picture

their complaints are more

their complaints are more leveled toward the federal bureaucracy

Fair enough. Maybe the Minerals Management Service officials in charge can step away from the p0rn long enough to answer a few tough questions about the proper role of a federal regulator.

R. Neal's picture

For now, it would be best if

For now, it would be best if the oil leak would be stopped (as it seems to have been as of today), the mess cleaned up, and the yelling and bickering can be done later.

I agree. The point of this long post (lost in the headline, apparently, which is as far as some folks seem to get) was to summarize the current status of all the efforts based on the best sources I could find after spending some time trying to understand what happened and what's going on. The opinions are my own, but they are based on what I've been able to find out.

And one of my opinions is that the Obama administration doesn't get a free pass just because I'm a Democrat.

cooperhawk's picture

Not blame, responsibility

It would seem like one of the responsibilties of the government would be try to protect us & to fix things when they go terribly wrong no matter who is the initial blame to start with. That's why we have fire departments, police depts., ect. If houses started burning down from arson or just brush fires that went out of control, we would expect the fire department to come & try to put out the fire & if they didn't because they were too busy blaming the arson or shining their trucks, we would be upset (blame?) them no matter how the fire started. Doesn't sound like R.Neal is out to destroy the Democratic Party, he is just holding the government excecutive administration, which happens to be Democrat, responsible to do their job.

metulj's picture

It's not Obama's Katrina, but

It's not Obama's Katrina, but it is his responsiblilty to take over now (actually a long time ago). First step: Seize BP. Second step: Blow up the well head. Cap that sucker with the old fashioned way. I could care less if BP won't be able to get at that oil.

Anonymously Nine's picture

.

"First step: Seize BP"

Wormwood theory confirmed.

jcgrim's picture

A critical perspective from an expert in drilling

Talking Points Memo posted this letter from a reader with extensive experience in oil drilling technology. He gives some meaningful context to the complexities of this disaster.

Link...

sugarfatpie's picture

Excellent article Here are a

Excellent article

Here are a few choice passages:

<
At BP's West Houston complex, there's a command center filled with personnel from around the industry working with BP engineers. Several drill ships are in place. Tons of workboats are on site. There are 5 or more ROVs roaming the wellhead monitoring and cleaning things up. They're already bumping into each other because they normally work solo while tied to a ship by a mile long umbilical cable. They don't need more ROVs down there adding to the traffic. All these efforts are reported heavily in the Houston Chronicle and nola.com, but doesn't seem to get much for national coverage. If you only monitor the national coverage, you'd think BP is going it alone while we all sit by, but the reality is this is an industry-wide effort because we all know what's at stake.

On having Obama "do more," WTF is he supposed to do? Everybody seems to be calling for more fire in his belly and scary, threatening speeches. What does that accomplish? It's like people want him to do a dramatic speech like post-9/11 about bringing the criminals to justice. It does nothing to actually plug the damn well. The government does not have the expertise to do more to stop this gusher. It's in BPs interest to stop the gusher. All the conspiracy theories about wanting to preserve the well for future production are technically wrong and ignore that NOBODY in the industry benefits from this gusher continuing. BP wants what everybody else wants, though I'll concede that I suspect dispersants are about killing life where it's less easily photographed. Dispersants aside, the only conflict of interest is regarding the causes of the blowout, not the capping of the well. Fed investigations are already taking care of that part./blockquote>

Melvin's picture

Good Link

jcgrim -

Thanks for providing a link from someone who actually knows what the hell is going on.

Midori Barstow's picture

'Top kill' stops gulf oil

'Top kill' stops gulf oil leak for now, official says

Officials are cautionary but say drilling fluid has blocked oil and gas temporarily. Engineers plan to begin pumping in cement and then will seal the well.

(link...)

R. Neal's picture

BP pauses effort to stop Gulf

BP pauses effort to stop Gulf oil leak - Yahoo! News:

BP suspended its attempt to choke off the gusher at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico on Thursday so crews could monitor their work and bring in more drilling mud, but the company said everything was going as planned and the effort was expected to resume later in the evening.

News that it would be at least 24 more hours before officials know if the procedure called a "top kill" will work came as dire new government estimates showed the disaster has easily eclipsed the Exxon Valdez as the biggest oil spill in U.S. history.

Andy Axel's picture

New plume discovered.

Midori Barstow's picture

Obama Oil Spill Press

Obama Oil Spill Press Conference: Government In Charge Of Oil Disaster Response

(link...)

Obama said even his daughter Malia had knocked on his door while he was shaving in the morning to ask, "Did you plug the hole yet, Daddy?"

R. Neal's picture

Transcript of Obama's press

Transcript of Obama's press briefing this afternoon, pretty much confirming everything in my original post.

Anonymously Nine's picture

.

"Transcript of Obama's press briefing this afternoon, pretty much confirming everything in my original post."

When you're right...

metulj's picture

Ban him.

Ban him.

R. Neal's picture

Top kill update: Update on

Top kill update:

Update on Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill | Press release | BP:

Subsea efforts continue to focus on progressing steps to stop the flow of oil from the well through interventions via the failed Deepwater Horizon blow out preventer (BOP), and to collect the flow of oil from the leak points. These efforts are being carried out in conjunction with industry experts and governmental authorities.

Operations on the top kill procedure continue. Heavy drilling fluids were pumped under pressure into the BOP starting May 26 at 1300CDT, and top kill operations continue through 2400CDT on May 27. It is estimated that the full top kill procedure could extend for another 24 to 48 hours. If the well were successfully 'killed', it is expected that cementing operations would then follow. The top kill procedure has never before been attempted at these depths and its ultimate success is uncertain. In parallel with the ongoing top kill operation, preparations have been made for the possible deployment of the lower marine riser package (LMRP) cap containment system.

Deployment would first involve removing the damaged riser from the top of the failed BOP to leave a cleanly-cut pipe at the top of the BOP's LMRP. The cap, a containment device with a sealing grommet, will be connected to a riser from the Discoverer Enterprise drillship, 5,000 feet above on the surface, and placed over the LMRP with the intention of capturing most of the oil and gas flowing from the well. The LMRP cap is already deployed alongside the BOP in readiness for potential deployment. If it is decided to deploy this option, this would be expected to take some three to four days.

In addition to these steps, planning is being advanced for deploying, if necessary, a second BOP on top of the original failed BOP.

Drilling of two relief wells began on May 2 and May 16. It is estimated that each of these wells will take three months to complete from the commencement of drilling.

sugarfatpie's picture

Top Kill Fails

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